The Influence of Waves on activated Carbon Particles


In its initial development, activated Carbon particles persistently maintains it position on the earth and is surrounded by air; therefore, any vibrations it receives then are in general seismic vibrations and air vibrations that come from thunder.

In seismic vibrations there occur direct contacts between the earth and the activated Carbon body, whereupon the air inside the passages is influenced.


As we all know, sound travels in the air through the longitudinal waves. Similarly is the case with thunder-triggered sound waves entering the passages in the Carbon body. The sound can cause the molecules inside the passages to vibrate in such a way that the groups of the various types of molecules can alternately compress and rarefy each other. This may help not only trigger the inward movement of the molecules but also develop the compounds, providing that the molecules are mutually bonding. The loudness of the sound of thunder may cause not only the air in the passage but also the activated Carbon body to vibrate.


Dissimilar to what ensues in the vibrations received by the air, both Spherical and Rayleigh waves may occur on the activated Carbon body, which itself is solid in nature. Spherical waves are said to have been caused by a point source. These waves spread in all directions; in fact, they may even spread from the outside of the sphere to the centre of the sphere at the same speed. That’s why when the Rayleigh waves move to the centre of the activated Carbon particles, it looks as if they were being led there by the Spherical waves. Those Rayleigh originating from lightning made their way into the centre of the activated Carbon particles through their external surface. Such entry of the Rayleigh waves occurred either directly or through reflection. Rayleigh waves produced by earthquakes, on the other hand, entered the Carbon body by creeping.


Here two explanations, both taken from two sites on the internet, are given about the Rayleigh waves.


*Rayleigh waves are a type of surface acoustic wave that travels on solids. They are produced on the Earth by earthquakes, in which case they are also known as "ground roll", or by other sources of seismic energy such as an explosion or even a sledgehammer impact. They can also be produced in materials by many mechanisms, including by piezo-electric transducers, and are frequently used in non-destructive testing for detecting defects.

*Rayleigh waves travel across surfaces. In isotropic solids the surface particles move in ellipses in planes normal to the surface and parallel to the direction of propagation. At the surface and at shallow depths this motion is retrograde. Particles deeper in the material move in smaller ellipses with an eccentricity that changes with depth. At greater depths the particle motion becomes weaker. .


In cases where a molecule, for instance, is found to stick on the inner walls of the activated Carbon particle, a flow of the Rayleigh wave through the activated Carbon particle walls may cause the molecule to shift—a result of mass inertia. The molecule shifts forward, in the direction parallel to that of the Spherical wave (illustration 2, 3, 4).

What is meant by the term mass inertia is well represented by the following example: When a stone is tied to the end of a thread, one will be able to lift it only if the thread is pulled upwards slowly and gently; a sudden, strong pull at the thread will only cause it to break off. (illustration X1). In such a case as this, we say that the thread breaks off because of the mass inertia of the stone. 

The same thing will happen when the stone is placed on a ruler. By slowly and gently pushing the ruler, the stone will also be led to move along hand in hand with the ruler in the same direction (illustration X2); a forceful and sudden push of the ruler, or a hit with a hammer to the end of the ruler will only cause it to move in the opposite direction, i.e. towards the hammer. (illustration X3).

As concerns the Rayleigh waves, these are in fact the type of waves that moves inwards; however, due to the tug on the surface being touched by the molecules, the waves then move elliptically and in a counter clockwise manner such that the molecules are driven to move forwards in the direction similar to that of the waves. (illustration X4). It needs to be emphasized here that Rayleigh waves are surface waves, which further implies that the consequences are more obvious on the surface. Should the molecules stick to the under part of the surface, the waves will still direct these molecules to move in the direction similar to theirs. (see illustrations 3 and 4).



Continuous influence by the wave will cause the molecule to keep moving ahead inwards inside the carbon body. However, such a phenomenon does not easily take place as it is determined by a number of factors, such as the weight of the molecule itself, the strength by which the molecule adheres to Carbon, the amplitude of the waves that will affect, the shape of the surface of the passage of the Carbon walls through which it has to pass.


Thus, to get to the centre of a Carbon body 10 microns in diameter from its edge, the molecule is required to travel a distance of 5 microns. By implication, therefore, the rumbling of a thunder with a particularly potential amplitude capable of shifting the molecule by only one Angstrom each year will require 50,000 Angstrom, or a time span of 50,000 years, to get to the centre. Thus, with the ability to shift the molecule to 100 Angstrom within a year, all it takes to get to the centre is 500 years.


Nevertheless, in an area stricken by thunder and seismic vibrations, this centre-wise movement of the molecules will be accelerated. This, however, is just an assumption, since it is not unlikely that a period of 50 to 500 years is ideal enough for activated Carbon particle to turn into a Cell-to-be. Even if one chanced to encounter such a Cell-to-be at this very moment, one would find it difficult to identify it—even with an electron microscope. To one it would just appear to be nothing else than active Carbon with various new compounds in it.


          The estimated period of  time it takes for activated Carbon particle to turn into a Cell-to-be as mentioned above serves only as an example, because normally numerous other factors influence the process such that the molecules may shift, though only by 1/100 or 100 Angstrom annually. This does not necessarily depend on the saturation of the Carbon body; rather it depends more on the substances that fill the body and those that will later benefit the development of the Cell-to-be.  


The diagram, illustrating how the whole thing works, makes use of only simple straight lines and spheres to ease understanding. Here molecules from outside, represented by the green beads, are shown to be flowing into the centre of the activated Carbon body.


Illustration 3 shows how the spherical wave, represented by the red arrow pointing to the centre of Carbon particle, influences the molecules. The blue oval illustrates how the Rayleigh wave works on the surface. Evidently, while on the upper surface, the Rayleigh wave works counter-clockwise, on the lower surface it works clockwise. (illustration 4a). However, as soon as the molecules are inside the passage, the condition reverses: clockwise at the upper part, and counter clockwise at the lower part. (illustration 4b). This is because the wave works only on the surface, which perhaps explains why the molecules are always led inwards, no matter where they may be sticking themselves to. Thus, as a result of their mass inertia, and also their compounds’, these molecules sticking to the walls of the Carbon’s passage are inclined to move inwards each time vibration affects them. (See illustration 4).


Why should the Rayleigh waves be the ones that have the force to enable the molecules to make such motion?

1.     Because these waves can drive the molecules to move ahead by dint of the molecules’ mass inertia itself.

2.     As already stated earlier, the waves may be triggered by an explosion or by a loud bang of a sledgehammer—sounds similar to the explosive sound of thunder.

3.     Because the molecules cling so firmly to the walls of the activated Carbon passage that even when they shift (in the event of some explosion), they still maintain their grasp on the walls.

4.     Rayleigh waves are surface waves, thus no matter where the molecules are-be they on a bank, in an alley, or on a slope of the interior of the activated Carbon particle—the waves will always lead those  molecules clinging onto them to move inwards.


The fact that the movement of the molecules can possibly be sparked the Rayleigh waves and that the waves can possibly be triggered by lightning may be an indication that tropical and sub-tropical areas represent areas with the most lightning, which further implies that it is highly likely that the Cell-to-be first emerged there. Below is a diagram of areas with the most lightning (see volume of lightning on the right hand side). (illustration 5).


However, because the Cell-to-be emerged billions of years ago, the mapping above thus serves only as a partial lead towards our assumption as concerns the place where the Cell-to-be first came into being. Had it emerged a long time ago, there would certainly have occurred numerous earthquakes and lightning accompanied by the sound of thunder, which would serve to trigger the occurrence of the Rayleigh waves.


Should all these possibilities turn out to be true, what then do we have to say about the time when they all took place?