The twisting of the DNA.
If it is true that by its twist the DNA-to-be will turn into Chromosomes-to-be, it could certainly be assumed that inside them there must have then already existed several basic materials that were not as complete as the ones that are present in today’s Chromosome. Prior to the time the division took place for the very first time, the DNA-to-be was still known to be in a chaos. Now, what then was it that had caused today’s DNA to twist?
One could perhaps only imagine how the DNA-to-be might have looked like in its initial stage when everything about it was nothing else but imperfection. Its other strand then not having taken shape yet, it had thus only one strand, which made it resembled the present day RNA with all its imperfection. It could perhaps be assumed that what it had only had then were the phosphate backbone, the adenine, the guanine, and the cytosine.
Should one believe that everything in this world originates from whatever there is in nature, one should then certainly be in a position to believe that the twisting of the DNA-to-be must have been caused by conditions in nature. Thus, for one it’s NOT that the DNA-to-be twists so that. . . but rather it’s that the DNA-to-be twists because of. . . ! This can be compared with the skin, which has appeared to be what it is now only because of the influences of external air. As the skin is continuously passed on to its descendents, consequently the skin the body keeps passing on is such skin, though this skin may have never been affected by the influences of external air.
In our search for the causes of the emergence of the Cell, we are therefore more concerned with the phrase “because of” than with the phrase “so that.”
Such twists of the DNA can be attributed to not only the very fact that position in which the molecules had got themselves stuck together was itself so given but also to the presence of the two strands at their sides. Regardless of this, the DNA-to-be residing in the cell-to-be continued to be affected by the division of the cell-to-be—a division which could never have occurred in a straight line, and which thereby had caused the two split up parts to inevitably form an angle between them. However, during the process the cell-to-be was just unable to achieve perfect division the line dividing the seperated parts was never perfectly straight. There somehow had to be an angle between them, no matter how slight it could be.
Not even by a difference of one degree; let alone by a difference smaller than that, say 1/1000 degree. In other words, the two divided parts of the Cell-to-be must always form an angle between them, though the angle may be as minute as only a half degree. (See the red arrow in illustration 1)
But this, however, does not mean that the twisting of today’s DNA has been only a result of this division. The very fact that the row of molecules itself had been naturally arrayed in such a way could have also been a possible cause of the chain’s being twisted.
Illustration 1z could perhaps serve as an example: The lower surfaces of all the balls are made to curve inward, somewhat to the side, so that when each ball is arranged in a line with the ball above it, its upper surface will just fit right in the concave part of the upper ball. Thus, with all the other balls being in a line and with their upper surfaces all fitting in the curve of the balls above them, twists similar to those of the DNAs may then be formed. This is but a simple example meant to illustrate how a chain of molecules could possibly have naturally developed its twists only because the molecules are so arrayed.
In molecules, however, there certainly exists no such concave as exemplified above. Illustrations 1,2, 3 show how, during the first division, the position of each of the split-up parts shifts and rotates or forms an angle with the other before they totally separate. It was this that had caused everything present inside the cell-to-be to also get a share of the influence.
Relate this with the discussions under the headings “The Emergence of Microtubules” and “The Direction of the Division.” That’s why in the explanations here greater emphasis is laid on the other possible cause of the twisting of the DNA.
To emphasize: under no circumstance would the two divided parts separate without forming an angle, no matter how small the angle between them could be. (Relate this with the page entitled “Impossibilities and Possibilities.”)
The influence of the rotation or movement, by which an angle is formed between the divided parts of the Cell-to-be, meant here can be perhaps be further elaborated as follows for clarity’s sake:
● When the position of the molecules of the DNA-to-be in its natural condition appears to be, for instance, as depicted by B in the Additional Illustration, and the influence on their upper parts works clockwise, they may later take a form similar to A, thereby decreasing the number of their twists.
● When, on the other hand, the influence works counter clockwise, they may take such a position as depicted by C, thereby increasing the number of their twists. The phrase “in a natural condition” mentioned above refers to that condition in which no DNA-forming molecules are to be found inside the cell-to-be and, as thus, no influences whatsoever may emerge from the division of the cell-to-be.
● It could be said that if the influence of the division of the cell-to-be on the DNA-to-be is in a tolerable state, the twists they form may resemble what is shown by A and C in the Additional Illustration. In such a case as this, the energy resulting from the division of the cell-to-be, whereby an angle is formed between the two divided parts, will be absorbed. It is this energy that will later produce bigger rolls when they are inside the Chromosome (see Illustration 4).
This is particularly true when the dismantling of the compounds that occurs in the whole body takes place neither at relatively the same time nor at only one location. Once a divided Cell-to-be separates itself in a particular direction and once it twists away from its counterpart, either clockwise or otherwise, it will keep doing so every time it separates. The same thing goes for its counterpart. As it turns out, this self-division of the Cell-to-be has brought about lots of consequences to the forthcoming conditions.
It is for this reason that in the discussions that follow the emphasis will be on the process of the twisting of those DNAs-to-be that got twisted by the position of the molecules existing in them—refer to the illustration on the balls sticking to each other.
Here an attempt is also made to discuss about the further effects that may occur from such division of the cell-to-be--effects which could later possibly result in the rolls becoming more stratified or to become bigger. Perhaps just like what is shown in the illustration given at the side of this page—one taken from the internet (Illustration 4).
Here, as a result of the influence of the division that took place for the first time, the DNA was made to roll in the Histon molecule. This DNA would later roll again even bigger. (see illustration under the heading The Development of the DNA-to-be inside the Chromosome-To-be, illustrations 3, 4, 5).